Friday, May 31, 2019
BioEthics :: essays research papers
Bio-EthicsThe issue of bio-ethics presents a myriad of new dilemmas all of which make believe arisen in the recent past, and must be addressed in the near future. The majority of these questions stem from the introduction of new, genetically-engineered organisms. These organisms, or at least many of them, argon created in laboratories, by gene splicing, swapping, and so on and essentially, these scientists are playing god, creating biological entities as they want them. This is the main source of the controversy. In more developed countries where genetically engineered disputes may ensue, the trend is total protection through patents and other regulatory and monitoring agencies. These problems come about from identification of the new bio-engineered organisms, and this approach allows the industries and entrepreneurs to recover the great costs involved in the research and development of genetic engineering. It promotes the development of products to benefit society, and it allows access for a larger genetic bank for analyses, experimentation, and investigation. There is a second side to this coin-it means that the researchers can assert an excessive price to their product while eliminating any competition for a given period of time. It allows for copies of living things to be made easily and inexpensively. This happens outside the United States, where strict regulations are not in continuity with those pirating compact discs in Japan, bottling Coca Cola in India, etc. No countries spend any monetary amount comparable to the over 300 million dollars to run the patent and trademark office, as the U.S. does. Another placard can be made that because of the time involved and the cost that the free flow of information is inhibited between researchers. These arguments all take place under(a) the umbrella that "Life forces can be controlled by ownership." Many countries take the view that these genetic products are not intellectual property, and as such, not receptive to the conventional patent laws. These properties should not be protected and belong to society as much as any organism which has naturally evolved through familiar processes. GATT (General Agreement on Trade and Tariff) has attempted to address this issue through a larger commercial / trade package however, this is a position in which very little agreement among parties is found.